Islam is a complete code of life and it teaches equality to its followers in all aspects of life. It not only protects the rights of the Muslims but non-Muslims are equally given utmost importance regarding many aspects. Islam safeguards the rights of the non-Muslims in a very refined way. It ensures that nobody is unnecessarily harmed because all human beings have been created by Allah (SWT) and who knows in future these same people would revert to Islam because of the good behavior seen on part of the Muslims.
“I warn you that whosoever makes aggression against the non-Muslims in agreement, limits their rights, presses them more than their capacity or snatches any of their belongings. I shall sue against such a Muslim on Doomsday”.(Abu-Dawud: Kitab al-Jihad)
“Once a delegation of the Christians came to Madina to meet the Holy Prophet(PBUH). When Sunday approached, the Holy Prophet(PBUH) offered them to pray in the Holy Mosque of Madina in Christian style. The members of the delegation did so.” (Ibn-e-Kaseer: Book 1:434)
One of the basic non-Muslim rights under Muslim Sharia is the protection of their religion. Islam does not believe in humiliating one’s religion. When non-Muslims become citizens under Islamic sovereignty, then they are granted a special status known as dhimmi. Dhimmi is an Arabic word meaning safety and security. In this way, they are protected and made secure under Islamic law. It is not allowed in Islam to suppress non-Muslims under Islamic dominance. It is clearly stated in the Quran:
“And We have not sent you [O MUHAMMAD], except as a mercy to all the worlds.” (Quran 21:107)
Prophet Muhammed(PBUH) said: “One who hurts a N0n-Muslim, he hurts me and one who hurts me, hurts God.” (Hadith)
This Quranic verse states that Islam is not only confined to Muslims but is a blessing to the whole world. The word mercy has been used for non-Muslims here. Their religions are ordered to be safeguarded under any circumstances. They are fully allowed to worship and all their sacred areas are protected according to the Islamic law Sharia. There are equal employment opportunities for both Muslims and non-Muslims and Allah has allowed the Muslims to mingle with everyone regardless of their language, color, creed, religion, and physical appearance.
“Beware! Whoever is cruel and hard on a Non-Muslim minority, curtails their rights, burdens them with more than they can bear, or takes anything from them against their free will; I (Prophet Muhammad) will complain against the person on the Day of Judgment.”(Abu Dawud)
The Prophet of Mercy(PBUH) said: “Beware! Who ever oppresses a Muahid (i.e. Non-Muslim lining in Muslimland with agreement) or snatches (any of) his rights or causes him pain which he cannot bear, or takes anything from him without his permission, Then “I WILL FIGHT AGAINST SUCH A (MUSLIM) ON THE DAY OF JUDGEMENT DAY”[Sunnan Abu Sawud, Volume No.3, Page No. 170, Hadith No. 3052]
Islam does not believe in forcefully turning people towards Islam. It is a peaceful religion that truly believes in teaching the religion under peaceful conditions. Non-Muslims are free to practice their religion if they want to. Non-Muslim rights under Muslim Sharia are given such a priority that they are equally treated along with Muslims regarding justice. Islam is based on equality when it comes to justice. Nobody is above the law. If a crime is committed regardless of caste or religion then punishment is given.
“Freedom to change religion Non-Muslims have the right to change from one religion to another is Islam, freedom in its general sense is a well-established fact. At a time when people were enslaved in tellectually, politically, socially, regiously, and economically, Islam came to establish the freedom of belief, freedom of thought, freedom of speech, and freedom to criticize. Islam strictly forbids that people be forced to adopt a certain creed or to believe in a particular religion”
“Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion nor drove you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equality.”
If anyone has any queries regarding the rights of non-Muslims in Islam, then Muslim Sharia is the ideal place to visit. The in depth articles provide ample knowledge which makes it easier to understand the rights of non-Muslims. The reading material have been research thoroughly and then drafted in a refined manner to be put on the website. This website has numerous materials on Muslim Sharia and detailed account of all the topics related is given. If you are a non-Muslim living in an Islamic state, the above-mentioned website is a complete source for your knowledge.
“The Prophet(PBUH) said: If any Muslim killed a Muahid(i.e. Non-Muslim living in Muslim land with agreement) then he (Muslim) shall not even smell the fragrance of Paradise although the fragrance of Paradise would have been perceived from the distance of travelling for 40 years.” [Sahid Bukhari, Volume No. 3, Hadith No. 2995]
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) ordered us to deal fairly with all people whether Muslims or Non-Muslims. This is mentioned in the Noble Quran, “Allah does command you to render back your trusts to those to whom they are due; and when you judge between man and man, that you judge with justice”. (An-Nisaa, 4:58)