The human beings keep searching for the true meaning of their existence throughout their lives. For a Muslim however, the answer to this question becomes very easy if he or she learns the basic principles of Islam. The first ever ideal Muslim state was built 1400 years ago in Medina. The basic laws which were implemented then were based on the Holy book Quran and Sunnah.
Muslim Sharia corresponds to the basic laws which are needed by a Muslim to lead his/her life according to the principles of Islam. The main sources provided include the Quran and Sunnah. Quran is the sacred book of the Muslims which was revealed to the last Prophet Muhammad. A complete set of guiding rules are explained to a normal person so that he or she can live accordingly.
Second source is “Sunnah”, which includes the sayings of the last Prophet and how he taught others with his behavior. Ijma and Qiyas are the sources which can be followed if the answers are not found in Quran and Sunnah.
Islam is not only a religion; it provides a complete set of laws to mould the lives of the practitioner. It includes each and every aspect of human lives; cleanliness, earning, relationships, judiciary, etiquettes, administration and several other matters too. A significant feature of Sharia is considering each and every Muslim equal before the eyes of the law. No rich person is above the law; if he commits any crime then he will get the exact punishment as any poor person.
The non-Muslims are allowed to practice their religion in a peaceful environment and they are not forced to follow the Islamic principles.
The five pillars of Islam define the very basic of the religion. The basic belief is the “monotheism” or the “oneness of God”. The kalima corresponds to the worshipping of Allah only and believing in Muhammad being the Prophet. The other pillars are; Salaat or offering prayers five times a day, giving alms or Zakat which is calculated according to the wealth, fasting during the Holy month of Ramadan and pilgrimage towards the Holy city of Mecca. It is obligatory on every Muslim to perform the above mentioned duties. However, one needs to have enough financial arrangement to perform pilgrimage and give zakat.
Women are given their due respect as mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah. They have equal right to get education of their own choice. The inheritance from the property of the deceased father and husband is their legal right. They have their separate identity and are given permission to make decisions of their own. They can even earn money by doing their own business or doing jobs.
It takes a proper course of education to become a Muslim scholar. They are trained to guide the fellow Muslims to decide the path of their lives according to the true spirit of Islam. Muslim Sharia cannot be understood without consulting the authorized sources, as there is a danger of misinterpretations of the laws.