Under the laws and prescription of the Muslim Shariah, very Muslim who comes inside the premises of Islam has to follow Shariah. Shariah describes the set of rules and code of conduct to lead a perfect life. Islamic Shariah has primarily been derived from the Holy book Quran and the practices of the great Prophet of Allah Almighty. Following the preaching of Shariah is a compulsory obligation to all the Muslims. Whoever does not pursue has to go through certain levels of punishments according to his or her act.
And those who accuse chaste women and then do not produce four witnesses – lash them with eighty lashes and do not accept from them testimony ever after. And those are the defiantly disobedient, (24:4)
If any of your women are guilty of lewdness, Take the evidence of four (reliable) witnesses from amongst you against them; and if they testify, confine them to houses until death do claim them, or Allah ordain for them some (other) way (Sura al-Nisa’ 4:15).
The act of not following or moving against Shariah Law is termed as a ‘Sin.’ Sin has different levels and forms described under the Shariah Law. The punishments are not savagely cruel but they are fair and can be severe depending upon the nature of committing the sin.
If two men among you are guilty of lewdness, punish them both. If they repent and amend, leave them alone; for Allah is Oft-returning, Most Merciful (Sura al-Nisa’ 4:16)
According to Muslim Shariah, it has been advised to cut hands of the person who commits the crime of robbery and stealing. And there should not be given any leverage in this regard. On an occasion, the Holy Prophet ﷺ being asked for leverage for this punishment, he said he would have cut the hands of her own daughter as well if she had committed such crime. So the punishments under Shariah Law applied opt each and every Muslim being irrespective of the fact being a ruler or a son of ruler. Muslim Shariah emphasizes on the disbursement of equal rights and equal punishments for the powerful and the poor. The punishment given against any criminal act should be exercised in public. The reason behind this act described under the Islamic Shariah is to make others learn about the lesson. So that such criminal activity might not be repeated by any other person seeing the pain and aftereffects to it. In Islamic Shariah, the punishment of committing a murder is death. The person committing such crime should be hanged to death as life should be compensated with life until and unless the family of the deceased does not excuse the criminal. And the same punishment has been prescribed for any blasphemous act.
The punishment (jaza’) of those who wage war against Allah and his messengers, and strive with might and main for mischief through the land is: execution, or crucifixion, or the cutting off of hands and feet from opposite sides, or exile from the land: that is their disgrace in this world, and a heavy punishment (‘adhab) is theirs in the Hereafter (Sura al-Ma’ida 5:33).
If a man kills a believer intentionally, his punishment will be Hell, to abide therein forever: The wrath and the curse of Allah rests upon him, dreadful penalty is prepared for him (Sura al-Nisa’ 4:93)
Blasphemy means any act against the Allah Almighty, the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and Islam and the act of disgracing. Such a person steps out of the premises of Islam as he does such an act and the punishment for this act is death.
The punishments of retribution are applied to murder, homicide, accidents, as well as bodily injury. They allow either actual retribution for the crime or paying blood money as a substitute penalty.
Drinking alcohol is prohibited in Islam and according to the Muslim Shariah; any person committing such act should be beaten by 80 lashes. There are certain Hadood which are laid by Shariah. And who ever un follows and goes beyond those Hadood is subjected to certain punishment. Alcohol is ‘Haraam’ so as many other eating materials. The person who passes Hadood and intakes Haraam things is subjected to committing a sin.
They ask you about intoxicants and games of chance. Say: In both of them there is a great sin and means of profit for men, and their sin is greater than their profit. And they ask you as to what they should spend. Say: What you can spare. Thus does Allah make clear to you the communications, that you may ponder (2:219)
Abdullah ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) said that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said, “Do not sit together with drinkers of wine, nor visit them when they are sick. Do not even attend their funerals. The drinkers of wine shall come on the Last Day with black faces, their tongues leaning on one side and saliva coming out of their mouths. Anyone who sees their filthy appearance will know that they were the drinkers of wine.”
The act of apostasy is also compensated with the punishment of death. Apostasy is the act of a Muslim losing faith and having betrayal towards Islam. Such person should be hanged to death under the teachings of Muslim Shariah.
Allah says: “O you who believe! Shun much suspicion; for lo! some suspicion is a crime. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you love to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would abhor that. And keep your duty (to Allah). Lo! Allah is Relenting, Merciful.” [Sûrah al-Hujurât: 12]
It is recorded in a tradition that on the Day of Judgment the mouth of a liar will give an awful smell.