Human beings are the wisest of all the beings present in this world. They are blessed with a brain which can perform the thinking process in the best way. The animals and birds are not given tongues and minds to speak their heart out. It is indeed a blessing that we can live our lives according to our own choices, and we should be thankful for this.
Muslim Sharia is the set of laws governing the laws of the Islam. What is Islam? It is an Abrahamic religion which believes in monotheism i.e. believing is only one single entity called “Allah”. It is Allah whose sovereignty is on every being found in the whole wide universe.
The foundation of Islam is based on five pillars which include Tauheed, Risalat, Prayers, Giving Alms and Pilgrimage to the sacred place.
Tauheed is oneness of Allah Almighty, and Risalat refers to believing that Muhammad (PBUH) is the Prophet. Prayers are performed five times a day and it is mandatory for each and every Muslim. Zakat or Alms are given to the poor people, it is vital for the wealth distribution in the Muslim state.
The Hajj is the pilgrimage towards the Mecca, which is obligatory once in a lifetime for those who can afford the expenses.
The complete code of conduct to live a life in adherence to the principles of Islam is given in Muslim Sharia. The main source is the Holy Book Quran which was descended from the Allah Almighty Himself on Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The angel Gabriel was responsible to reveal each and every verse to the Prophet, and it took about 23 years for its complete revelation.
It is the foremost guiding principle. The second main source is the sayings of Muhammad. The rest of the sources are Ijma and Qiyaas which correspond to the collective consensus and logical deductions respectively.
The governing laws include each and every aspect of human lives. The financial laws discourage capitalism. The judicial laws stress on equality. The social laws provide ease to the masses and increase unity among them. The women are given their due rights in pursuing education and freedom of thought.
The non-Muslims are encouraged to follow their religions without any fears. Their religious and scared places come under the protection of the Muslim state. Democracy is encouraged, as the people are given rights to choose the representatives of their own choice to govern the matters of the state.
The remarkable example of adherence to the Islamic principles was given by Umar bin Al-Khattab. He was a pious caliph who was quoted saying “If a dog dies hungry on the banks of the River Euphrates, Umar will be responsible for dereliction of duty”. This quotation is enough to describe the level of duty expected from a Muslim ruler. The administrator is responsible to look after the need of the civilians by providing an excellent leadership. He must be acquainted with the principles of equality and should care for the rights of non-Muslim dwellers as well.
Conclusively, Muslim Sharia is an epitome of equality and justice for each and everyone.