The estimated life span of living beings is researched to be about six million years ago. We know about the details only as about 6000 years ago. The evolution has brought to us a significant thinking process which makes us realize that what actually is the purpose of our existence? We are not supposed to only eat, drink, sleep and then die? Such answers provoke our thoughts towards the need of having a religion to formulate our lifestyles.
There are several religions present in the today’s world. The monotheism, polytheism, and atheism are practiced on a large scale. The followers of Islam form the second largest majority and their number is increasing day by day. The Muslims need proper guidance to promote the lessons of brotherhood and peace which is given to us as Muslim Sharia. It is the set of principles which dominates the life of each and every muslim.
Sharia laws are based on the Holy Quran and it deals with all the aspects of human life. It is further described in detail by the Sunnah. After these two major sources we have secondary sources as Ijma and Qiyaas.
The sharia deals with two main aspects. First is the religious practices and second provides concise details of the lifestyle of a muslim. The belief in Allah as the only God and Muhammad as the messenger of Allah is mandatory for every muslim. It is the only need which if done properly paves the way to become an ideal muslim. The five pillars of Islam urges the followers to pray five times a day, give alms to the poor, perform pilgrimage towards Mecca and fast during the holy month of Ramadan.
The social lifestyle according to Islam teaches equality and justice. It discourages nepotism and ethnicity. The prejudices and racism were prevalent in the world before the advent of Islam. It is Muhammad who gave a proper code of conduct and guidelines to formulate an ideal society. It is him who introduced us to the Sharia laws to live peacefully. The social, judicial, educational, administrative, financial, marital, and defensive strategies are found in detail in the Sunnah and Quran. The chapters are named accordingly to facilitate the law making and other aspects as well.
The delicate topics of Women and War are discussed in Muslim Sharia with details. The people with normal thinking can grasp these ideas easily. Women are respected and given due right to educate themselves according to their own consent. They are given security, not discouraged to practice their talents. Their modesty should never be confused with suppression. The sources that provide such misconceptions are never authentic.
The war strategies are intelligently described by sharia. Islam forbids its followers to show cowardice. It encourages tolerance but if the matters get worse then they are allowed to fight in defense. The attributes of a leader are found in several people for example, Muhammad, Abu Bakr, Umar Farooq, Ali, Hussain and Moses. They were brave yet showed tolerance whenever needed. They introduced social reforms during their reigns and historians refer to their examples even if they are not muslims themselves. Sharia Laws need an in depth study to clear the misconceptions from the minds and hearts.