Muslim Shariah is he Islamic name for the rules and laws which govern Islam. Shariah includes all the saying, actions and dealings of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and is principally derived from the Holy book Quran and Sunnah. Shariah is a complete code of conduct and set of instructions which are bestowed upon the Muslims in order to lead them to a meaningful and successful life. Shariah covers a wide sort of issues which anyone can face while living a standard life. It includes laws related to public and private issues, political and economical issues, family issues and even the tiniest of dealings which take place in a society.
“Do not despair of God’s mercy; He will forgive you of all your sins.”Quran 39:53
Abdullah Ibn’Abbas reported that The Prophet said,”The believer is not he who eats his fill while his neighbour is hungry. (Authenticated by Al-Albani, Al-Adab Al-Mufrad Al-Bukhari, Hadith 112)
The Prophet (PBUH) is considered to be the most virtuous believer among Muslims and he being the most precious messenger of Allah became an example on how to spend life. His teachings, actions and sayings were written by the scholars which is called the Hadith. The hadith from different scholars then combined and developed to form a complete book. Muslim Shariah has been derived from Hadith which is a mirror of how Prophet (PBUH) led his life and dealt with each and every issue pertaining in the community.
Anas reported that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “It a Muslim plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it, it is regarded as a charitable gift (sadaqah) for him.” [Sahih Bukhari]
One of the greatest pieces of advice given by the Prophet ?(PBUH) was: “The most beloved actions to Allah are those performed consistently, even if they are few.” [Sahih Bukhari]
There exist numerous interpretations of Shariah laws which are explained by different Mullahs. The interpretations of Shariah can be different but the main essence of it remains the same. Marriage and divorce is well explained in Shariah according to which certain ‘Hadood’ are laid upon the couple which are to be followed in order to lea a true and orderly marriage life. It the Hadoods are not followed then the particular person is subjected to punishment according his breach. Shariah also explains about the actions which are considered to be superfluous and fall under criminal activity. Every criminal activity is subjected to certain punishment and the level of punishment is defined by the level of criminal activity performed by the person following Shariah.
“We (ALLAH) have certainly sent down Signs that make things clear: and God guides whom He wills to the straight path.”Quran 24:46
“If Allah puts anyone in the position of authority over the Muslims’ affairs and he secludes himself (from them), not fulfilling their needs, wants, and poverty, Allah will keep Himself away from him, not fulfilling his need, want, and poverty.” [Abu Dawud]
Moreover Muslim Shariah also explains about the political dealing and proceedings. Lately there has been a debate over comparison between Shariah and Secularism. There has also been a conflict of thought between different schools of thought regarding Shariah Vs Democracy. According to one school of thought, Democracy is a political concept purely evolved by west and is based in the western system. Whereas the Islamic school of thought argues that democracy has been evolved out of the teachings of Quran and is a part of Muslim Shariah as Quran laid huge importance on the equality of rights and mutual consent while choosing the ruler or emperor. Some Islamic scholars also say that the Shariah can be best practiced through secular government.
The Prophet (PBUH) said, “If anyone fulfills his brother’s needs, Allah will fulfill his needs; if one relieves a Muslim of his troubles, Allah will relieve his troubles on the Day of Resurrection.” [Sahih Bukhari and Muslim]
“None of you truly believes (in Allah and His religion) until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself.” [Sahih Bukhari and Muslim]
There has been a movement according to which it has been taken into account whether to enforce the teachings and prescription of Muslim Shariah into the West too as Shariah defines complete and ideal rules regarding marriage, divorce, custody, politics related dealings, equal rights and every aspect of life. There are various Muslim countries which follows Muslim Shariah to govern the legal code inside their country. The Islamic Shariah is continued to spread in many counties now because the West has started realizing about the real payback of implementing and following Shariah rules and regulations.
“I asked Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) which deed was best.” He (the Holy Prophet) replied: “The prayer at its appointed hour”. [Sahih Muslim]
“There are two blessings which many people lose: (They are) health and free time for doing good.” [Sahih Bukhari]